Utah Sleep and Pulmonary Specialists | 9103 South 1300 West | Suite 103 | West Jordan, UT 84088
Phone: 801-432-8690 Fax: 801-432-8681
Asthma is an inflammatory airways condition that causes airway swelling, increased mucous (phlegm) and spasm of the airway smooth muscles. This leads to cough, shortness of breath and wheezing, though some patients may have only one or two of these symptoms. The disease can be mild and intermittent (triggered by exercise or a viral respiratory infection) or severe and chronic, leading to life-threatening shortness of breath and trips to the emergency room.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is most often caused by cigarette smoke, though some patients with chronic asthma will slowly develop COPD. Symptoms include cough, wheezing, shortness of breath and sputum production. Treatment cannot cure the disease but will reduce symptoms. Lung function will improve with stopping smoking but will not go back to normal.
Cough is a symptom that can be due to asthma, COPD, pulmonary fibrosis, acid reflux, post-nasal drip (allergies or sinus infection), bronchitis, pneumonia or even heart failure. A persistent cough should be investigated and will usually respond to appropriate treatment.
Pulmonary Embolism is the result of blood clots (usually in the legs) breaking loose and traveling through the bloodstream until they lodge in the pulmonary arteries. They can be without symptoms or can cause chest pain, difficulty breathing, a cough (sometimes with blood in the sputum) or a low oxygen level. If not diagnosed and treated, blood clots may happen repeatedly and will occasionally be fatal.
Respiratory Foreign Body
Airway Anomalies (laryngomalacia, tracheomalacia, laryngeal cleft, tracheoesophageal fistula, vascular rings)
Difficulties in Clearing Secretions
Foreign Body Aspiration
Shortness of Breath
Reactive Airways Disease/Asthma
Studies That May Be Ordered to Diagnose Your Child
Pulmonary Function Tests
CT Scan (Chest, Sinuses)
Overnight Oximetry or Polysomnography
Bronchoscopy (looking into the lungs) and Bronchoalveolar Lavage
pH probe of the Esophagus (to document reflux)
Blood tests to look for allergies (RAST) or immunologic disorders (immunoglobulins)